Ayurveda is an ancient health care tradition that has been practised in India for at least 5,000 years. The word comes from the Sanskrit terms Ayur (life) and Veda (knowledge).
Though Ayurveda, or Ayurvedic medicine, was documented in the sacred historical texts known as the Vedas many centuries ago, Ayurveda has evolved over the years and is now integrated with other traditional practices, including yoga.
Ayurveda is widely practised on the Indian subcontinent — more than 90 per cent of Indians use some form of Ayurvedic medicine, according to the University of Minnesota’s Center for Spirituality & Healing — and the tradition has gained popularity in the Western world, though it’s still considered an alternative medical treatment.
The name “Ayurveda” is derived from two words in Sanskrit, “ayuh” meaning “life” or “longevity” and “Veda” meaning “science” or “sacred knowledge.” Ayurveda’s definition therefore roughly translates as “the science of longevity” or “the sacred knowledge of life.” At its root, Ayurveda is a holistic tradition and way of living that can help each of us to claim and celebrate our capacity for wellness.
Health care is a highly individualized practice under Ayurvedic principles, which state that everyone has a specific constitution, or prakruti, that determines his or her physical, physiologic and mental character and disease vulnerability, according to Dr Bala Manyam, a neurologist and professor emeritus at Southern Illinois University School of Medicine.
Prakruti is determined by three “bodily energies” called doshas, Manyam told Live Science. There are three basic doshas, and though everyone has some features of each, most people have one or two that predominate, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center
Ayurveda has been a part of the life of the people of India since the dawn of civilization and in recent years, Western culture has also embraced the procedure of holistic healing of the patient’s mind, body and spirit. Often called the “Science of Life”, Ayurveda has various physical and mental benefits that help in improving the overall quality of life. Usually, a lot of people get severely affected by Loneliness that leads to mental disorders.